Discovering authors whose works I’ve either never heard of, or for some reason passed by, is one of reading’s great joys. Something—a friend’s recommendation, an author interview read or heard, a change of heart—compels me to read one of the unknown or forgotten, and I find myself in the lovely spot of suddenly having an author’s backlist to catch up on. Because the book, the writing, the everything is THAT GOOD. It’s like finding $50 in your pocket, just as the clouds clear on a dreary day and the sun beams through.
I’m already in for two new-to-me authors this year, and 2015 isn’t even three months old. The first was Lily King, whose Euphoria I waxed euphoric about last month; I read another of King’s right away, and was enthralled once again: Father of the Rain. The second is Italy’s enigmatic Elena Ferrante.
I don’t have time to determine why these writers’ previous works escaped my notice; I have too much reading to do.
One April afternoon, right after lunch, my husband announced that he wanted to leave me.
And so begins Olga’s descent into the heart of her own darkness. The Days of Abandonment packs a wallop of tension and cringe-inducing desperation into 188 pages of elegantly-rendered narrative. This isn’t the story of a woman on the verge of a nervous breakdown, this is THE nervous breakdown, in all its raw ugliness. We may tut-tut as we read Olga’s hair-raising mayhem, but really, isn’t this what we fear, in the wee hours, in our most vulnerable moments? As Shakespeare’s Polonius declares in Hamlet, “Though this be madness, yet there is method in’t.”
The method is familiar: husband leaves wife for younger woman (in this instance, the very young daughter of a former family friend). Wife, who hasn’t worked outside the home for many years, is left with the children, the house, the bills, and her own aging body. Disbelief, depression, anger, the divvying up of friends, the hope and fear of running into the ex and his paramour ensue. But Olga’s madness? There is nothing expected in the way Elena Ferrante portrays Olga’s domestic drama.
Olga’s recounting of her freefall is detached and unsentimental. She tells it some years distant, but I also wonder if there is not some translation styling at work here. Although Ann Goldstein has translated all Ferrante’s Europa Editions-published works, so I have to assume her tone is true to the author’s own.
Contrary to that sense of emotional detachment, The Days of Abandonment is an intensely physical story. Olga is both obsessed with and horrified by her body, which at thirty-eight is showing the inevitable signs of age. She ruminates frequently about sex, reducing it to a purely animal act, torturing herself with images of her husband Mario, and his young lover, and then seducing her neighbor in a pathetic cry to recapture her crushed sexual self. Ferrante uses pain-an errant piece of glass in pasta sauce that pierces the roof of Mario’s mouth; the threat of a mother to cut off her daughter’s hands with sewing shears; a child’s forehead smashing into the windshield to the sound of screeching car brakes–to frame Olga’s sanity. It’s almost as though pain is a stand-in for emotion: as long as Olga can envision pain and feel it, she’ll be alright. She had reinforced locks put in the front door and at her lowest point, she struggles to open the locks, finally resorting to using her teeth. At one point, Olga asks her daughter Ilaria to poke her with a paper cutter if her concentration wanders
I immediately pulled my mouth away from the key, it seemed to me that my face was hanging to one side like the coiled skin of an orange after the knife has begin to peel it. …For a while I let myself sink into desperation, which would mold me thoroughly, make me metal, door panel, mechanism, like an artist who works directly on his body. Then I noticed on my left thigh, above the knee, a painful gash. A cry escaped me, I realized Ilaria had left a deep wound.
Most disturbing is the toll Olga’s depression takes on her children and Otto, the family dog. The upsetting scenes of abuse and neglect may well kill any empathy you develop for Olga as an abandoned woman. But without them, Ferrante’s narrative would simply be a mildly prurient glimpse into the life of the newly forsaken.
Olga wrestles with her post-abandonment identity, and her struggle is an alarm bell the author sounds relentlessly as she mocks the absurd circumstance of marriage that calls upon women to set aside their professions and their physical freedom, to attend to home, family, husband.
I had carried in my womb his children; I had given him children. Even if I tried to tell myself that I had given him nothing, … Still I couldn’t avoid thinking what aspects of his nature inevitably lay hidden in them. Mario would explode suddenly from inside their bones, now, over the days, over the years, in ways that were more and more visible. How much of him would I be forced to love forever, without even realizing it, simply by virtue of the fact that I loved them? What a complex, foamy mixture a couple is. Even if the relationship shatters and ends, it continues to act in secret pathways, it doesn’t die, it doesn’t want to die.
What a complex, foamy mixture a couple is… Indeed. Foamy. An interesting choice of word. So sensual, evocative, invoking the fluids of sex, but also foaming at the mouth—a sign of madness, a rabidity of rage.
The Days of Abandonment is frank, gutting, oddly funny, and awfully sad. But it is not without hope, and throughout you are reminded that Olga survives her madness. Even swirling in its whirlpool, she has one hand above water, reaching, grasping.
Elena Ferrante’s brilliance is withholding her judgment of her characters. She writes their truth and allows readers to create their own morality. Her writing, though not warm, is full of heat. The carapace of narrative rage cracks to reveal tender new skin beneath.